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A montage of images including a surgeon wearing a vr headset, a snake biting a leg and injecting venom, and a heart implant
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Covid-19 Virus

March 15, 2023
This medical illustration shows how mRNA vaccines work to build immunity against Covid-19. The image displays the process of delivering mRNA into muscle cells of the upper arm, which instructs the cells to produce a harmless protein called a spike protein found on the surface of the SARS-CoV-2 virus. The immune system recognizes these spike proteins as foreign and produces antibodies and memory cells to fight off the virus. The Covid-19 vaccine's effectiveness varies depending on the vaccine and individual, but most prevent severe illness and death.
Understanding the Science Behind mRNA Vaccines: How They Help Build Immunity to the Covid-19 Virus through Spike Proteins and Antibodies


This image depicts the process by which mRNA vaccines help build immunity to the Covid-19 virus. The mRNA is delivered into the muscle cells of the patient's upper arm, where it instructs the cells to produce a harmless protein found on the surface of the SARS-CoV-2 virus called a spike protein. The immune system recognizes the spike proteins as foreign and mounts a response to them, including the production of antibodies and memory cells. This response helps the body to build immunity to the virus, so that if a person is exposed to the virus in the future, their immune system is better prepared to fight it off. The effectiveness of the Covid-19 vaccine varies depending on the specific vaccine being used and the individual being vaccinated, but most vaccines are effective at preventing severe illness and death from Covid-19.

mRNA vaccines, Covid-19 virus, immunity, muscle cells, upper arm, spike protein, SARS-CoV-2, immune system, antibodies, memory cells, severe illness, death, medical animation, VR surgery, medical specialties, infectious disease, immunology, vaccinology, virology, epidemiology, public health.


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The medical visualizations showcased by Ghost Medical are intended solely to demonstrate our portfolio work and are not intended to be labeled as reliable FDA claims in the healthcare market. Surgeons and healthcare professionals should exercise caution and conduct their own research before relying solely on the information presented in the visualizations. Please be aware that while our work strive to accurately represent medical concepts and technologies, they may not always reflect the current state of the medical industry.
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